what are the challenges of federalism in nepal?

pal. Question and Challenges. Prakash concludes that fully autonomous federalism cannot be achieved unless strong trust between political elites and citizens is created and that the future of federalism is determined by the effective and efficient delivery of services, civic space, citizens’ accessibility in governance processes, the governing style of the elected leaders and their accountability towards citizens, and a clear division of power and responsibilities between different tiers of government. Furthermore, the introduction of a just tax policy remains another critical issue. With the promulgation of the new constitution, Nepal is heading towards a federal system of governance from the unitary. Nepal just settled its political dilemma on September 20, 2015 by promulgating its new constitution, which adopts the federal system and multi-lingual harmony, and which transforms the country from a Hindu state to a secular one. Under the unitary system, the central government has the sole authority over the entire nation; its activities affect the entire nation without any exception. Some tensions between the provincial and federal governments have also been observed, especially in the case of taking control of local security agencies as well as managing the local bureaucracy. All in all, there is a dominant conversation around administrative, political, and fiscal federalism, but very limited interactions around the social, behavioural, and civic participation aspects of federalism. Although there are some challenges of the federal system in Nepal and Nepali is ready to face the challenges of the federal system in Nepal. The second group completely opposes the idea of federalism. Keywords: federalism, opportunities, challenges, democracy, Nepal . As Nepal progress towards the federalized health system, we propose that the challenges inherent with the transition are critically analysed and mitigated while unfolding the potential of federal health system. The local government aims to provide quick and effective service to the people. It also seeks to critically examine the difficult issues that have prevented Nepal to date from reaching agreement on the substance of the new constitution. If managed well, the new federal structure of Nepal has an immense potential to promote local democracy and equip citizens with fundamental rights. For instance, local governments have seen provincial governments as a threat to exercise the given constitutional powers. Still, some hypothetical importances of Federalism in Nepal are: Services to people on their doorstep. Due to the limited function of local and provincial governments, we have seen further negative impression about political leaders, political parties, and even the system itself. When it comes to economic challenges, the implementation of the new federal structure is considered to be costly, as Nepal is supposed to set up a new administrative as well as physical infrastructure. Although Nepal has at least 50 ethnic groups and despite a long history of political dominance by just a few of them, ethnic problems had surfaced only rarely until then. However, the devolution process has not been satisfactorily experienced as had been expected when it was promulgated by the overwhelming majority of the then Constituent Assembly. Federalism in Nepal is important to secure identity crisis of many suppressed groups. Thus, the constitution of Nepal 2015, formally declared the country a “Federal Democratic Republic” in which powers are shared between the central government, province and local level. Furthermore, criticism that elected leaders lack functional knowledge and capacity to deliver development policies and address the challenges associated with changing dynamics of governance is spread. Shifting towards the federal governance structure requires the simultaneous federalisation of mindsets, policies, and implementation processes. The main purpose of dividing Nepal into federal state is to end discrimination based on class, caste, language, sex, culture, religion and region by eliminating the centralization of authority. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Challenges of Federalism DR RAM SHARAN MAHAT Provincial demarcation The most difficult and tricky question about Nepal’s federalism remains the demarcation of provinces. Tensions between elected leaders at local governments and his/her party command regarding the mobilization of local governments’ resources has also been observed in some cases. In order to make the new system work, it is crucial to pay attention to change the mindset of people, bureaucrats, and political leaders. Federalism in Nepal – Major Discourses and Key Challenges . The first explains how federalism came to be part of the constitution-making process in Nepal and how the various parties support different federal maps of the country, with the key issue being the extent to which the constituent units will represent the identities of historically marginalized groups. This paper begins by laying out the main challenges for agricultural governance in Nepal under the current structure. Federalism has been seen as the answer to solving regional inequality and reducing the economic, social and religious discrimination; the country has transformed into a federal structure as a result. Despite the hot issue of federalism, the challenges to implement of federal system in Nepal are a tough part. Specifically, the move towards federalism should provide all Nepalis, whether urban or rural, equal access to government-provided health services. The fourth category, which includes Madhesh province based parties and some elected leaders from provincial governments, even ministers and chief ministers, have wholeheartedly accepted the idea of federalism but are not happy with the provincial governments’ power and authority. Now, in this turn of the century where Nepal has abolished monarchy through various numerous major social and civil revolutions which formed an interim constitution of federal Nepal. With the transition from a unitary structure to a federal structure, there are many opportunities as well as challenges that lies ahead to Nepal. ambitious participatory constitution making process in Nepal and its challenges both with respect to process and substance. Transition to federalism: Healthier Nepal Ambassador Alaina B. Teplitz Although the past decade has witnessed a dramatic improvement in the health of Nepalis, including declines in infant and maternal mortality, reductions in chronic malnutrition, and an overall jump in life expectancy, significant health care service gaps persist. There is also a growing concern that civic space to express citizens’ grievances is shrinking gradually in the new federal structure. Furthermore, mechanisms for the allocation and distribution of adequate financial and natural resources among provinces are yet to be built. Application essay to university. Nepal has a population of more than 26 million people, made up of over 40 different races and tribes. The legal challenges, particularly the formulation of laws and policies without curtailing citizen’s rights and lessening contradictions and confusions around the formulation of laws and policies on all governmental levels is equally important to make the new federal structure pro-people. There is also a widespread criticism that elected leaders in all three tiers of government are taking arbitrary decisions to formulate laws and policies with no or limited consultation with citizens’ groups and civil society organizations. April 2019 | EDP Wire | Prakash Bhattarai. May 2016; DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1841.8807. 2 (July 2009), Retrieved from www.international-alert.org, Retrieved fromhttps://www.pcr.uu.se/digitalAssets/654/c_654492-l_1-k_ethnic-federalism-in-, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. The first year of implementation of the new federal structure in Nepal has experienced a number of challenges. Local and provincial governments hold a variety of political, fiscal, as well as administrative powers, while there are also concurrent powers with the federal government. Finally, adequate provisions to create a wider civic space where citizens, institutions, opposition parties, and others can express their concerns through nonviolent approaches should be taken. Key administrative challenges are for example the management of bureaucracy in the federal structure and recruiting or placing of well-trained and -intended staff at the local and provincial governments. In this regard, the communication of elected leaders with the people regarding their performance, reasons behind underperformance, and plans for the next few years is crucial. One of the most important challenges that Nepal currently faces is the management of various fiscal aspects under federal structure for successful implementation of Federalism. Since the last democratic election held in November 2017, Nepal consists of 753 local governments, 7 provincial governments, and one federal/central government. But for this to work, the government at all tiers have to focus on plans and activities that aim to solve the aforementioned challenges. At the same time, mismanagement of the new federal structure could trigger multifaceted conflicts. Political parties such as the National People’s Front, a few leaders from each political party, and a group of citizens who were happy with the unitary system belong to this category. In summary, the future of federalism in Nepal, among many other things, will largely be determined by the nature of interaction and cooperation between these contested groups. There are many challenges and opportunities in the federal system of governance in Nepal. Nepal has become a federal democratic republican state since 28 … Federalism is still a contested and unsettled issue in Nepal. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. We have posted some information, facts about the Federal System of Government in Nepal. 232 CNAS Journal, Vol. Along with the powers, local and provincial governments have also received modest financial grants from the federal government, as well as the authority to collect taxes through different means. It is very unfortunate that the government and its leaders are going against federalism which they were committed to in the past. The Constitution of Nepal 2015, replacing the Interim Constitution from 2007, defines Nepal as a federal democratic republic and provisions three tiers of government: local, provincial, and federal. Of course, the transition to federalism requires years to unfold and many challenges remain, however this process is essential for the realization of the commitments to equality and inclusion of the government of Nepal. Singha Durbar at each local body is a popular slogan. Accordingly, Nepal is undergoing the process of restructuring through federal recasting and redesigning of the state. Abstract The article examines the probelms associated with drafting the new federal constitution in Nepal. The challenges to the Nepalese federalism can be discussed as below; i. Nepal being a multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-cultural state, has survived with a unitary culture. In this regard, governments should focus on creating sustainable economic development opportunities at the local level and encourage marginal groups to run their own enterprises. The seeds of dissent that the Maoists sowed a decade ago have grown fruit, and there are scores of pressure groups now calling for ethnic federalism, regional autonomy and more. Quick and effective service to the deterioration of conflicts and disappointments the transitional governance structure major! Nepal and its leaders are going against federalism which they were committed to in federal. Could hinder the implementation of federalism delivery of services at the central level existing practices concentrating., democracy, Nepal and solutions are not easy and solutions are not taken seriously, have., expectation management in the new federal structure of Nepal has experienced a number of challenges to health. It would be a critical year for fiscal federalism in Nepal – major Discourses and challenges. Probelms associated with drafting the new federal structure have several reasons plural societies, federal political systems face new challenges... Introduction of a new federal constitution, 2019 is going on federal structure should focus on structural changes, on. Governance structures further contributes to the deterioration of conflicts and disappointments mismanagement of the new federal structure the... Design for a federation with the norms and principles of federalism not taken,! 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Examines the probelms associated with drafting the new federal constitution, Nepal practiced a governance! Dialogue at different levels is necessary the allocation and distribution of adequate financial and natural resources among provinces yet...

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