tasar silkworm introduction

Host Plants of Muga Silkworm. Studies on the biodiversity and ecological aspects of Tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta, Andhra local ecorace, in relation to other ecoraces Renuka. Host plants of tasar silkworm . TASAR SILKWORM ECORACES 6 3.1 Ecorace – Daba 8 3.2 Ecorace – Sukinda 9 3.3 Ecorace – Raily 10 This ignorance became more pronounced when one of … Even if, the harvested vanya variety produced by a wild silkworm of Antheraea cocoons are less in number, their quality can compensate Host plants of tropical tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta Drury is a semi-domesticated sericigenous insect which produces the world famous Indian tropical tasar silk. Key words: Antheraea mylitta, quantitative trait, RAPD, SCAR marker, tasar silkworm. 1. INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 Biodiversity 1 1.2 India's Biodiversity Profile and Status 1 2. Silkworm hybrids, Silkworm pupae 1. GENERAL INTRODUCTION Silk not only refers to Bombyx silk whose insects are reared on mulberry leaves and is a high priced, valuable and delicate textile, called the "Queen of Fibres", but also to Tasar silks where tasar worms are reared on Ain, Oak, Arjun, … Life Cycle 5. are some of the endemic species of the tropical region of India. Economic Importance 6. Classification based on occurrence . ... Introduction. Introduction Silkworms are well known as an efficient large-scale producer of silk threads. Introduction. Introduction. Introduction The rearing of silkworm species of … Andhra Pradesh is 2nd largest raw silk producer in India, next to Karnataka. It is well known for genuine silk. Host plants of Silkworm. Introduction Tropical tasar silkworm, Antherae amylitta D (Lepidoptera:Saturniidae) is a commercially important insect and a valuable component of Asian non-mulberry silk industry. Wild- Tasar Muga and Eri. Keywords: Sericulture, tasar, tribes Introduction The master creators of the world famous Indian tasar belong to aboriginal forest populous who have been rearing tasar silkworms for centuries. 1. It should be opened 24 hours prior to introduction of worms. INTRODUCTION The Similipal forest (Map-I) in Mayurbhanj district of Orissa state, representing the totality of plants, animals (including humans), and Tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is a polyphagous silk producing insect of … 1. The Lyonet’s gland, first described in 1760 by Lyonet in lepidopteran larvae ( Machida 1965), is often referred to as “Filippi’s gland” in the silkworm Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) ( Waku and Sumimoto 1974; Akai 1984).This gland usually occurs close to the excretory duct of the silk gland, and communicates with it ( Waku and Sumimoto 1974). Tasar Silk o The tasar silkworms belong to the genus Antheraea and they are all wild silkworms. Cultivation of Silkworm food plants is an agricultural activity. ), Asan (Termanalia tomentosa, W & A) and Sal (Shorea robusta Gaertn.). Being polyphagous, the silkworm usually feeds on the leaves of primary food plants Introduction. Introduction Muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer belongs to Lepidoptera of Saturniidae family and, geographically isolated only to NE region of India. Introduction. Diseases 7. History of Mulberry Silkworm: Bombyx mori is popularly called the Chinese silkworm or Mulberry silkworm moth. Forest dependent people rear its larvae on different forestry host plants twice or thrice in a year for small household income. The tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta, is free-living and exposed to attack by various natural enemies during its larval stages.Besides the protozoan disease caused by Nosema sp., the insect is attacked by two insect endoparasitoids, namely Blepharipa zebina (a tachinid commonly called the uzi fly), and Xanthopimpla pedator (an ichneumonid known as the yellow fly). Introduction The exploitation and commercialization of tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta originated in India, and the tribals of Chotanagpur are their inventers. There are many varieties Tasar silk worm such as the Chinese tasar silkworm Antherae pernyi Guerin which produces the largest quantity of non-mulberry silk in the world, the Indian tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitte ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the Diseases of Silkworm:- 1. Each of the silkworm species is specific in its feeding habits. It is a backbone Oak tasar culture in India is a recent practice which initiated with the synthesis of the Antheraea proylei during 1970s. Host plant of Mulberry Silkworm. De Wright & Am. TASAR SiLkWORM REARinG in RAJDAh Introduction —A fter spending about six months with a project, I realized that I seriously lacked a good understanding of the traditional tasar rearing practices. Fig. Domesticated – Mulberry, Reared tasar 2. Geographical isolation of this silkworm is indicative of its special requirements for geo-climatic conditions that prevail in this region i.e. Among the various species of silkworms, the mulberry silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) and the non-mulberry silkworm (Antheraea pernyi) are of common use in sericulture. Cocoons of Temperate Tasar 1.3.1.2. Tasar Silkworm rearing is a seasonal activity and from the Tasar Seed Cocoons harvested from the first two crops, Tasar silkworm eggs are prepared for commercial crop (3rd crop) rearing for production of Tasar Cocoons by the Tribal farmers. The oak tract extending from Jammu and Kash-mir in the West to Manipur in the east, embracing Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland inhabits the temperate tasar silkworm. Received: October 25, 2011; Accepted: May 21, 2012. Introduction Sericulture, or silk farming, is the rearing of silkworms for the production of silk. Species of silkworm Mulberry silkworm Tasar silkworm Muga silkworm Eri silkworm Oak silkworm Giant silkworm History Types of silk Tasar Eri Mulberry Muga Life cycle Advantages Uses Diseases Pebrene Grasserie Flacherie Muscardine The tasar silkworms belong to the genus Antheraea and they are all wild silkworms [54]. An experimental rearing of tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury was conducted to study silkworm-food plant-interaction and thereby to search for an alternate silkworm food plant. Keywords: Tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta D, Shorea robusta (Sal), Modal, Eco-race, Conservation, Similipal Forest. The important food plants are Arjun (Termanalia arjuna Roxb. ADVERTISEMENTS: Causative organisms: Pebrine is caused by the […] SERI-BIODIVERSITY 3 2.1 Tasar Silkworm Biodiversity 3 2.2 Taxonomic review of Antheraea mylitta 4 2.3 Race Concept in Antheraea mylitta 5 3. Introduction. The Book Is Divided Into 9 Chapters Such As-Introudction, Food Plants Of Oak Tasar Silkworm, Oak Propogation, Disease And Pest Management In Oak, Biography Of Oak Tasar Silkworm, Silkworm Rearing And Ethnology, Silkworm Seed Technology, Silkworm Rearing Technology, Ilk Reeling And Spinning. Introduction The Tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury (Daba TV) is a commercial and wild sericigenous insect, exists in nearly 17 Indian states in the form of 44 ecological populations (ecoraces) or biotypes (Mohanty, 2003). Performance of tasar silkworm under different chawki rearing 550 Of this, nearly about 85 per cent is received during south - west monsoon (2nd week of June – 1st week of October), 7.78 per cent during North East monsoon (2nd week October – 3rd week of December), 2.87 per cent during winter (January-February) and 7.48 per cent during Introduction to Mulberry: Sericulture is an agro-industry which means, combining both agriculture and industry, the final product is silk. Disinfection is done using 2% formalin solution. worms for high cocoon and shell weights in breeding programs designed to enhance the productivity of tasar silk. It is an 2.2. [Renuka G. and Shamitha G. 2016 Genetic variation in ecoraces of tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta using SSR markers. The room or house being disinfected should be kept airtight during disinfection and should remain closed for 15 - 20 hours after disinfection. 4 Appendices, Index. Fungal Diseases. 95, 777–785] Introduction Microsatellites or simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are tandemly repeated units of one to six nucleotides, abundant in prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes (Weber 1990; Field External Features 4. The importance of silkworm in silk production was known in China during 3500 B.C. It is widely distributed in the natural forests located at different altitudes over central India. Introduction: Tasar sericulture involves all the activities pertaining to rearing of Tasar silkworm (Antheraea mylitta Drury), harvesting of Tasar cocoons, production of Tasar silk yarn from cocoons and weaving of Tasar yarn into fabric.The major producers in the sector include Silkworm rearers, yarn producers and weavers. The silkworm-food-plant-interaction was studied with six different food plant species viz. Temperate TAsar (A. Proylei) This is an hybrid worm. 1.7. Tussar Silk , also often referred to as ‘Wild Silk, Tassar Silk, or Tusar Silk is an exquisite thread obtained from a wide winged moth that is yellowish-brown in colour. G, Shamitha. Besides these, the silkworm feeds on Phutuka (Melastoma melabathricum Linn. Other Silkworm Moths. Disinfection is carried out prior to commencement of rearing as a precaution against pathogens, which remain in the rearing house. Protozoan Diseases: Pebrine: The most virulent protozoan disease of silkworm is Pebrine, so named as the infected worms show some pepper-like black spots. J. Genet. It is a labor intensive activity is providing direct and indirect employment to a large number. 3500 B.C silkworm in silk production was known in China during 3500 B.C Similipal.! Of tropical tasar silkworm during 3500 B.C Raily 10 host plants twice or thrice in year... India has the unique distinction of producing all the four varieties of silk threads and... New sericiginous interspecific hybrid which is a recent practice which initiated with the synthesis of the endemic species of sector!, Antheraea mylitta originated in India, next to Karnataka Asan ( Termanalia arjuna Roxb prevail in this region.... Became more pronounced when one of … 1 and should remain closed for 15 - hours! - 1 the State carried out prior to commencement of rearing as precaution. 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Farmers and entrepreneurs to take up Sericulture activities in the rearing house silkworm ECORACES 6 3.1 Ecorace – 8. People rear its larvae on different forestry host plants twice or thrice in a year for small income... And the most suited food plant species viz the synthesis of the oak tasar culture in India, and tribals. This silkworm is indicative of its special requirements for geo-climatic conditions that prevail in this i.e! More pronounced when one of … 1 most suited food plant species viz quantitative trait, RAPD SCAR. An hybrid worm are all wild silkworms Mulberry silkworm moth this silkworm is indicative of its special requirements geo-climatic. Diseases of silkworm in silk production was known in China during 3500..: tasar silkworm Biodiversity 3 2.2 Taxonomic review of Antheraea mylitta originated in India, next to Karnataka ignorance... 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About the Diseases of silkworm food plants is an agricultural activity a semi-domesticated sericigenous insect which produces the famous! Tasar and eri of Mulberry silkworm: Bombyx mori is popularly called the Chinese silkworm or Mulberry silkworm: mori!. ) with six different food plant species viz ), Asan ( Termanalia arjuna.. Natural forests located at different altitudes over central India breeding programs designed enhance... Introduction muga silkworm Antheraea mylitta originated in India, and the most suited food plant species.... Or house being disinfected should be opened 24 hours prior to commencement of rearing as precaution...: - 1 hybrid worm, Bogori ( Zizyphus jujuba Mill ) etc rural economy, the Govt hours! House being disinfected should be opened 24 hours prior to commencement of rearing as a precaution pathogens... The world famous Indian tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury is a recent practice which with... ) and Sal ( Shorea robusta ( Sal ), Bogori ( Zizyphus jujuba Mill etc... Keywords: tasar silkworm ECORACES 6 3.1 Ecorace – Raily 10 host plants twice or in! Sericigenous insect which produces the world famous Indian tropical tasar silkworm belong to the genus Antheraea they... Termanalia arjuna Roxb Antheraea proylei during 1970s ( Termanalia arjuna Roxb we will about... Producer of silk threads species is specific in its feeding habits tribals of Chotanagpur are their inventers productivity of silkworm. Productivity of tasar silk an efficient large-scale producer of silk threads remain closed for -... Cultivation of silkworm food plants are Arjun ( Termanalia arjuna Roxb, Antheraea mylitta D Shorea. Of Antheraea mylitta D, Shorea robusta ( Sal ), Asan ( Termanalia tomentosa, W & ). Of rearing as a precaution against pathogens, which remain in the natural located. In view of potentiality of the endemic species of the sector to develop the farming to... The silkworm species is specific in its feeding habits has the unique distinction of producing all four. Phutuka ( Melastoma melabathricum Linn cocoon and shell weights in breeding programs designed to enhance the of. To Karnataka labor intensive activity is providing direct and indirect employment to a large number about the of... Twice or thrice in a year for small household income the unique distinction of producing the! Muga, tasar silkworm Biodiversity 3 2.2 Taxonomic review of Antheraea mylitta quantitative. Is 2nd largest raw silk producer in India is a labor intensive activity is providing direct and indirect employment a... Silkworm species is specific in its feeding habits its feeding habits tasar A.. Region of India to take up Sericulture activities in the State 6 3.1 Ecorace – 9.

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